Establishment and development
After the Italian Unification, Italian Agriculturists did not have any national association that could represent them. This was partially due to the fact that the governing class, the right-wing first and the left-wing then, partly represented the interests of the Italian Landed Gentry. During the following Giolitti age, agriculturists could voice their common interests through SAI - Association of Italian Agriculturalists (Rome, 1895), which performed actions of lobbying and economic organization, and CNA – National Agriculture Association (Bologna, 1910), which supported trade negotiations.
In the second stage, after World War I, SAI and CNA merged into Confagricoltura – General Agriculture Confederation (Rome, 1920), the first Italian agriculture association which fused functions of economic, political and trade representation.
In the third stage, which includes the Italian Liberal State, the Italian Fascism and part of World War II, we had FISA – Italian Federation of Agricultural Trade Unions (Rome, 1922), then CNFA – National Fascist Association of Agriculturalists (Rome, 1926), which afterwards incorporated Confagricoltura and FISA. Eventually we had CFA – Fascist Confederation and Agriculturalists (Rome, 1934). Those associations were in line with fascist corporatism.
During the fourth stage, after regaining freedom of association and democracy, we had ANA – National Association of Agriculturalists (Taranto, 1944), FIDA – Italian Federation and Agriculturalists (Roma, 1944), CONFIDA – Italian Confederation of Agriculturalists (Roma, 1945) and, eventually, Confagricoltura - General Italian Agriculture Confederation (Rome, 1948). The present-day Confagricoltura, besides the traditional economic, social and trade functions, supports enterprises with a wide range of services.