11.02.2020

Germany: a decrease in pig farms


The number of pig farms in Germany has decreased by over a 3rd  (35%) between 2010 and 2019 (from 33.400 to approximately 21.600).
 
The German Federal Office of Statistics (Destatis) has stated that the decrease is stronger than average in connection with a general decline related to the total number of farms in Germany.
 
In the years between 2010 and 2016, the year in which the latest survey took place, the total number of said farms diminished from just under 300.000 to approximately 275.000. This corresponds to a downturn of approximately 8%.
 
The total quantity of pigs diminished by 2% between 2010 1nd 2019, meaning a total of approximately 26 million of said animals.
 
Said decrement – also known as “Hofsterben” (Death of the Farm) above all affects smaller farms. In 2010,  4,200 farms were still active with herds of less than 100 pigs. Almost 9 years later, the number has fallen to 1,700 – less than 60%. The change in Agriculture towards larger farms is in particular evident in regards to pig-farms. The larger the farms, they stand a better chance of survival. The number of farms with a number of pigs that varies between 500 and 999 decreased by 32%  between 2010 and 2019, whereas those holding numbers between 1.000 and 1.999 decreased solely by 8%:
 
On the other hand, the number of large farms with 2000 or pigs or more have increased from 2000 since the end of 2010 to 2.700 mid-2019, with an increase of 35%. The number of even larger farms (5.000 or more pigs) has increased by 67%, from 300 to 500.
 
Source: ICE Agency